The Navajo indians were very peaceful indians who lived in Northwesten Canada and Alaska.Over a 1,000 year period the Navajo Indians traveled from where they were to the southwest region and settled in Arizona,New Mexico,Utah and Colorado.
What was their religion?
Religious Beliefs. Navajo gods
and other supernatural powers are many and varied. Most important among
them are a group of anthropomorphic deities, and especially Changing
Woman or Spider Woman, the consort of the Sun God, and her twin sons,
the Monster Slayers. Other supernatural powers include animal, bird, and
reptile spirits, and natural phenomena or wind, weather, light and
darkness, celestial bodies, and monsters. There is a special class of
deities, the Yei, who can be summoned
by masked dancers to be present when major ceremonies are in progress.
Most of the Navajo deities can be either beneficial or harmful to the
Earth Surface People, depending on their caprice or on how they are
approached. Navajo mythology is enormously rich and poetically
expressive. According to basic cosmological belief, all of existence is
divided between the Holy People (supernaturals) and the Earth Surface
People. The Holy People passed through a succession of underworlds, each
of which was destroyed by a flood, until they arrived in the present
world. Here they created First Man and First Woman, the ancestors of all
the Earth Surface People. The Holy People gave to the Earth Surface
People all the practical and ritual knowledge necessary for their
survival in this world and then moved away to dwell in other realms
above the earth. However, they remain keenly interested in the
day-to-day doings of the Earth Surface People, and constant attention to
ceremonies and taboos is required in order to keep in harmony with them.
The condition of hozoji, or being in
harmony with the supernatural powers, is the single most important ideal
sought by the Navajo people.